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Herbs

Diseases
Ulcer
Body cleansing
Cough
Cholesterol
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Herbs useful for treating cough: Plantago, horsetail, blackberry.

Herb name: Plantago, Plantago major

herbs - plantago

Family: Plantaginaceae

Useful plant parts: Leaves

Description: The plantain is a perennial plant, with leaves collected closely overground in a rosette-like shape. The leaves are smooth, wide, and long from 5 to 10 cm. Stems (without leaves) grow out from the ground leaves, and have long blooms, that are consisted of a large number of tiny flowers.

Collecting period and locations: Leaves can be picked throughout the summer. It is best to pick them just before flowering (normally the blooming period lasts from May to September). It is recommended not to pick plants near roads, but only those found on clean meadows. As for the locations, plantago can be found almost everywhere, on meadows and pastures, along ways, on fields, etc.

Medicinal properties and applications: Plantago is an excellent aid for cough, and other lung based diseases. In addition, it has been discovered that certain substances in the plant have antibiotic effects.

Active compounds: Mucilage, silicon dioxide and glycosides.

Recipe: You may prepare the tea by adding 1 to 2 teaspoons of leaves to a fourth liter of boiling water which is then left for about 15 minutes. The tea can be drinked 2-3 times a day.

A syrup can also be prepared, by taking fresh leaves are crushing or cutting them in small pieces and adding them to a smaller quantity of water, that is heated until boiling starts. This mixture doesn't need to be strained. At the end, honey is added and the prepared mixture is taken each hour (one teaspoon).

 


Herb name: Horsetail, Equisetum arvense

herbs - horsetail

Family: Equisetaceae

Useful plant parts: Overground parts

Description: Horsetail is a plant that has a branched horizontal root in the soil from which, in early spring, brown nonbranched stems emerge. These stems have sporangiums at their top. A few weeks later, branched green stems emerge, that are usually 20 to 30 cm high, with properly positioned lateral stepwise strips.

Collecting period and locations: Horsetail is picked in early summer, when the stems are still very fresh and green. Only green and branched stems are picked. They are tied in bunches and dried in that form. As for the locations, horsetail is a relatively widespread weed, it grows along paths, edges of meadows, on embankments; most commonly on relatively wet and clay rich soils.

Medicinal properties and applications: Horsetail tea is good for various conditions - for the treatment of rheumatic problems, chronic cough, leg swelling due to problems with substance exchange in the organism, problems with bladder and kidneys. Also, it often a part in tea blends for blood cleansing.

Active compounds: Silicon dioxide, flavonoids and saponins.

Recipe: 1 to 2 teaspoons of dried and crumbled horsetail are soaked for 12 hours in a quarter liter of water, or alternatively, 1-2 teaspons of the same material are added to hot water and left for about half an hour. 2-3 cups a day are taken usually.



Herb name: Blackberry, Rubus fruticosus

herbs - blackberry

Family: Rosaceae

Useful plant parts: Leaves and the juice made from fruits

Description: Blackberry is a plant which mostly grows in form of a bush and can grow up to two meters in height. It has this and elastic branches which are usually bent towards the ground. These branches have sharp spines which allow the plant to attach itself to other trees, bushes or fences. The green leaves have an even upper surface, while the lower surface is covered with hair. This plant usually has white or pink flowers which are usually present during summer and autumn.

Collecting period and locations: The leaves of this plant are usually picked during late spring. Afterwards, the leaves are dried by using a heat source, whereby the temperature shouldn't go above 40 °C. The juice is made from ripe fruits which can be picked during summer. As for the locations, blackberries often grow among other bushes, on fences, along foresst edges and on similar places.

Medicinal properties and applications: Blackberries contain tannins which have a positive effect on mucous membranes; this usually becomes evident by gurgling blackberry tea. Blackberries also strengthen the immune system and they are also a good remedy for cough. This plant also has a positive effect on the intestin and it is known to be a good remedy for diarrhea as well.

Active compounds: Tannins, organic acids, flavones and a bit of vitamin C.

Recipe: Two full teaspoons of dried blueberry leaves are added to a quarter liter of boiling water. This is then left for about fifteen minutes. Afterwards, the tea is strained and is ready to be used.

 

 

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